Urban growth is a recent phenomenon in NE India and has now become an emerging trend. According to Census of India (2011), the total total number of cities in the entire North-east region which have a population above above 1,00,000 (0.1 million) is nine. Of these, Guwahati (in Assam) far exceeds the other eight cities in terms of population.
Despite having a more traditional approach to development, the pattern of urbanisation observed in Guwahati is unfortunately no different than that witnessed by existing urban agglomerations (UAs) in India. It is no wonder then that Guwahati is now reporting similar degradation of environment and quality of life as has been reported from the existing UAs in India.
The landscape of NE India is more fragile and vulnerable than compared to rest of India. The NE therefore cannot afford to repeat the urban planning mistakes made by the existing UAs in India since this could prove disastrous for the people, local culture and the biodiversity of the region.
Urban growth in NE India therefore requires careful planning and needs to be based on sound management principles governing urban ecosystems. NE Greens is working to study and analyze the issues revolving around Waste Management, Housing, Transport and Energy to advocate for sustainable urban development of North-east Region.